The chemistry of substances that contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.
The process by which solvent molecules pass through a semipermable membrane from a dilute solution into a more concentrated solution.
The hydrostatic pressure produced on the surface of a semipermable membrane by osmosis.
A process for the industrial production of nitrogen oxide and nitric acid from ammonia and oxygen.
Outer Orbital Complex
Valence bond designation for a complex in which the metal ion utilizes d orbitals in the outermost (occupied) shell in hybridization.
The interaction of orbitals on different atoms in the same region of space.
An algebraic increase in the oxidation number; may correspond to a loss of electrons.
Arbitrary numbers that can be used as mechanical aids in writing formulas and balancing equations; for single- atom ions they correspond to the charge on the ion; more electronegative atoms are assigned negative oxidation numbers (also called Oxidation states).
Reactions in which oxidation and reduction occur; also called redox reactions.
A binary compound of oxygen.
The substance that oxidizes another substance and is reduced.
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